Emergency Lighting Systems

(Emergency Lighting Standard I.S. 3217:2013)

Emergency lighting is required when the main power supply is cut and any normal illumination fails. This may be a result of a fire, or a power cut and the normal lighting supplies fail. Sudden darkness is a possible danger to the occupants, either through physical danger or panic, to exit the premises safely.

What is emergency lighting?

  • Emergency escape lighting – the part of an emergency lighting system that provides light for the safety of people leaving a location or attempting to terminate a potentially dangerous process beforehand.
  • Escape route lighting – the part of an emergency escape lighting system provided to ensure that the means of escape can be effectively identified and safely used by occupants of the building.
  • Open area lighting – the part of an emergency escape lighting system provided to minimise panic and ensure there is sufficient illumination to allow the occupants of a building to reach a place where an escape route can be identified.

 

The points of emphasis when placing emergency lighting  are as follows

  • Near each exit door and each final exit door outside the building to a place of safety
  • Near stairs so that each flight of stairs receives direct light and near any other change in level and direction,
  • At each intersection of corridors, externally illuminated escape route safety signs, escape route direction signs and other safety signs needing to be illuminated under emergency lighting conditions,
  • Near each piece of fire fighting equipment, fire alarm panels and manual call points,
  • Near each first aid post, any escape equipment provided for the disabled, near disabled refuges, disabled refuge panels and call points, disabled refuse communication systems and disabled toilet alarm call positions.

 

Commissioning Certificates and Logbook

Irish Standards require written declarations of compliance to be available on site for inspection.  These should detail the quality of the installation, satisfactory test of operation and a log of all system tests. System logbooks, with commissioning forms, testing forms and instructions, should be provided by the installer/commissioner.

 

Maintenance Servicing and testing

(Regular servicing shall be carried out by a competent maintenance contractor as per I.S. 3217:2013.)

  • Daily Inspection – All deficiencies, defects and/or faults previously recorded in the emergency lighting logbook have been rectified and any necessary corrective action(s) to be carried out. (Carried out by owner/manager).
  • Weekly emergency lighting inspection – As Daily inspection, plus visually check 25% of the emergency lighting system so that 100% of the system is checked at every 4 weeks. Ensure that all non working lamps are replaced. (Carried out by owner/manager).
  • Quarterly emergency lighting tests – Ensure that inspections and testing are done so that 100% of the system is checked four times a year and is carried out every 3 months for 30 minutes. (Carried out by Hall Alarms).
  • Annual emergency lighting tests – Once in every 1 year period after completion of 3 Quarterly inspections and tests. All emergency lighting systems shall be tested to their rated duration (3 hours). The result must be recorded and, if failures are detected, these must be remedied as soon as possible. (Carried out by Hall Alarms).